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Breaking News: Negotiated Plan of Separation

Members of a diverse group of bishops and other United Methodist leaders gather for a group photo in Washington after reaching agreement on a proposal that would maintain The United Methodist Church but allow traditionalist congregations to separate into a new denomination. Photo courtesy of the Mediation Team.


by Good News

Leading United Methodists to a Faithful Future

Editor's Note: This historic announcement of a negotiated agreement on separation fulfills the need to definitively resolve the decades-long theological conflict within United Methodism. It has the support of leaders and organizations across the theological spectrum. While the agreement is not perfect and did not give us everything we wanted, we believe this compromise is worth it to allow the church to move forward in positive ministry unhampered by dispute. The agreement offers a clean way to separate the warring groups within the church. It holds the promise of allowing The United Methodist Church to be the only mainline denomination to amicably separate, avoiding the bitter rancor and millions of dollars of legal fees incurred by other denominations. We are grateful to the leaders from all perspectives who worked diligently and faithfully to arrive at this agreement. We look forward to a renewed focus on evangelism, discipleship, and meeting the needs of a hurting world. More information and analysis will be offered in the coming weeks, as we prepare for General Conference in May.


Diverse leaders' group offers separation plan By Sam Hodges Jan. 3, 2020 | UM News

A diverse, 16-member group of United Methodist bishops and other leaders has offered a proposal that would preserve The United Methodist Church while allowing traditionalist-minded congregations to form a new denomination. The separating group would get $25 million in United Methodist funds and would keep its local church properties.

Details are in a 9-page "Protocol of Reconciliation & Grace Through Separation," released January 3 along with a Q&A and press release.

The proposal -- reached with the help of famed mediator Kenneth Feinberg -- requires approval by the 2020 General Conference. Drafting of legislation is still underway for the legislative assembly, which is the only body that speaks for the 13 million global denomination.

But given the broad, influential coalition involved -- including bishops from around the global connection and advocacy group leaders often sharply at odds - the potential seems strong that the separation proposal can end or at least greatly reduce the denomination's decades-long struggle over how accepting to be of homosexuality.

New York Conference Bishop Thomas Bickerton, part of the group, said the contentious 2019 special called General Conference in St. Louis underscored intensifying divisions and the need for amicable separation.

"It became clear that the line in the sand had turned into a canyon," Bickerton said. "The impasse is such that we have come to the realization that we just can't stay that way any longer.

"This protocol provides a pathway that acknowledges our differences, respects everyone in the process and graciously allows us to continue to live out the mission of making disciples of Jesus Christ for the transformation of the world, albeit in different expressions."

The plan looks toward a restructuring of the remaining global United Methodist Church into regions, with flexibility to adapt church policies, including on LGBTQ inclusion.

Meanwhile, traditionalists forming a new denomination could continue what they see as Bible-supported restrictions on same-sex marriage and ordination of gay persons as clergy.

The traditionalist Wesley Covenant Association already has taken steps toward forming a new denomination, such as drafting a book of policies and doctrines. Bickerton and the Rev. Keith Boyette, WCA president, said the negotiating team's assumption is that the new church would emerge out of the WCA.

Boyette was part of the group reaching the proposal. He said traditionalists have long felt that divisions in The United Methodist were irreparable, and that an amicable separation was the best way forward.

"I believe this is a fair and equitable solution that puts decades of conflict behind us and gives us a hopeful future," he said.

Also negotiating and signing onto the agreement was Jan Lawrence, executive director of Reconciling Ministries Network, which has long sought to remove restrictions against LGBTQ participation in the denomination.

"As a United Methodist who is LGBTQ, my priority at the table was to make sure we addressed the full participation of LGBTQ people in the life of the church, making sure the answer was not `ask us again in 2024,'" she said. "The language needs to be removed now. I am pleased that there is opportunity here for that to happen in 2020."

The new proposal would allow other United Methodist churches to form their own denominations, while foreseeing ecumenical agreements and cooperation on some fronts.

Representatives of traditionalist, centrist and progressive advocacy groups joined with a handful of bishops from the U.S., Africa, Europe and the Philippines to reach the agreement. They promised to support it and no other.

"We humbly offer to the delegates of the 2020 General Conference the work which we have accomplished in the hopes that it will help heal the harms and conflicts within the body of Christ and free us to be more effective witnesses to God's Kingdom," said Bishop John Yambasu of Sierra Leone, who last summer began the private talks that led to the proposal.

The group had the help of Feinberg, who oversaw the victims' compensation funds after 9/11 and the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill disaster.

Feinberg donated his time, as did other lawyers who helped the group.

"(Feinberg) has a deep interest in religion and the preservation of the public witness of religion, and this is what intrigued him and enabled him to say `yes' to us," Bickerton said. "We are extremely indebted."

Feinberg called it "an honor and a privilege" to be part of the negotiations.

"As a result of weeks of intense, voluntary mediation in Washington - ably assisted by Richard Godfrey and Wendy Bloom of the distinguished Kirkland & Ellis law firm - and with the intense, direct and ongoing participation of all church representatives, a comprehensive resolution of all issues and principles has been achieved," he said in a statement.

A clear catalyst for the negotiations was the 2019 General Conference, which saw passage of the Traditional Plan reinforcing restrictions on same-sex weddings and ordination of LGBTQ persons - but also igniting passionate, ongoing resistance in the U.S. by full inclusion supporters.

The tougher enforcement provided by the Traditional Plan went into effect January 1, but the new proposal calls for holding "in abeyance" any administrative or judicial processes related to same-sex weddings or ordination of gay clergy.

"You cannot stop someone from filing a complaint. Neither can you stop someone from requesting a trial," Bickerton said. "You can hold a complaint in abeyance. That's our request."

Key elements of the group's proposal include:

  • The General Council on Finance and Administration of The United Methodist Church would provide $25 million, over four years, "to the traditionalist Methodist denomination established pursuant to this protocol." The new denomination would give up further claims to United Methodist assets, including those of general boards and agencies. 

  • GCFA would escrow $2 million to help other potential new denominations.

  • To support communities historically marginalized by racism, GCFA would allocate $39 million over eight years tostrengthen Asian, Black, Hispanic-Latino, Native American and Pacific Islander ministries, as well as Africa University. Of that total, $13 million would come from funds the separating traditionalist denomination chose to forgo.

  • After the 2020 General Conference, set for May 5-15 in Minneapolis, there would be a special General Conference for the remaining denomination. "The protocol also references a plan which calls for a special general conference of the post-separation United Methodist Church. The purpose of the Special Session would be to create regional conferences, remove the current prohibitions against LGBTQ persons, and to repeal the Traditional Plan," said a press release from the negotiating group.

  • A (non-U.S.) central conference would be able to choose with a two-thirds vote to affiliate with a new Methodist denomination. The vote deadline would be December 31, 2021, and if no vote is taken the conference remains in The United Methodist Church.

  • An annual conference, whether in a central conference or U.S. jurisdictional conference, also could vote to affiliate with a new Methodist denomination. A vote of 20 percent or more at an annual conference session would be needed to have the disaffiliation vote, and a disaffiliation vote would have to pass by 57 percent. The disaffiliation vote deadline is July 1, 2021.

  • The leadership body of a local church considering disaffiliationcould determine a threshold of a simple majority or two-thirds for the vote on whether to separate. Decisions about disaffiliation must be made by December 31, 2024. 

  • A local church affiliating with another Methodist denomination "pursuant to the protocol" would keep its assets and liabilities. 

  • The pension plans of The United Methodist Church would remain in place for all current clergy and lay employees, even if they affiliate with another Methodist denomination under the protoco

Signatories to the Protocol: Bishop Christian Alsted (Nordic-Baltic Episcopal Area) Rev. Thomas Berlin (representing UMCNext, Mainstream UMC, Uniting Methodists) Bishop Thomas J. Bickerton (New York Episcopal Area) Rev. Keith Boyette (representing the Confessing Movement, Good News, Institute on Religion & Democracy, and the Wesleyan Covenant Association) Bishop Kenneth Carter (Florida Episcopal Area) Rev. Junius Dotson (representing UMCNext, Mainstream UMC, Uniting Methodists) Bishop LaTrelle Easterling (Washington Episcopal Area) Rev. Egmedio "Jun" Equila, Jr. (Philippines Central Conference) Bishop Cynthia Fierro Harvey (Louisiana Episcopal Area) Bishop Rodolfo "Rudy" Juan (Davao Episcopal Area, Philippines) Janet Lawrence (representing Affirmation, Methodist Federation for Social Action, and  Reconciling Ministries Network) Rev. David Meredith (representing Affirmation, Methodist Federation for Social Action,  and Reconciling Ministries Network, member of UM Queer Clergy Caucus) Patricia Miller (representing the Confessing Movement, Good News, Institute on Religion & Democracy, and the Wesleyan Covenant Association) Randall Miller (representing Affirmation, Methodist Federation for Social Action, and  Reconciling Ministries Network) Bishop Gregory Vaughn Palmer (Ohio West Episcopal Area) Bishop John K. Yambasu (Sierra Leone Episcopal Area) 


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